Candy Candy Trials
• Where can I buy Candy Candy merchandise?
there any official Candy Candy merchandise?
In 1997, Keiko Nagita (author)
brought a Civil Action lawsuit against her old friend and partner, Yumiko
Igarashi (manga illustrator) over the unauthorized production and selling of Candy
merchandise. Nagita viewed this as a violation of the contract they
had signed when they became co-copyright managers of Candy
Candy, after their contract with Kodansha had expired in 1995. Igarashi, on the other hand, believed she had the right
to sell the Candy Candy goods without her consent because she drew
the illustrations. In her old
Candy Candy website, Igarashi
explained how she contributed to the "birth" of Candy
Candy and its process. She wrote in her statement
to the fans (November 11,
Candy Candy was a project that was first created by the editor-in-charge
and herself and that they had chosen who would be the original author
to write the story. She also wrote that she created the character
designs before even receiving Nagita's first manuscript. After
losing the trial on February, 1999, Igarashi filed an appeal a month
later claiming, "I drew Candy Candy based
on the story I wrote all by myself and Mizuki's story is not the
original." This appeal was thrown out of court the following
year. Igarashi then filed a final appeal to the Supreme Court on
The bitter trials between
the "mothers" of Candy Candy lasted for over four years
with the final judgement falling in favor of Keiko Nagita by the Japanese
Supreme Court on October 25, 2001.
- Keiko Nagita is reconfirmed
as the "original author" and copyright holder of Candy Candy.
- Yumiko Igarashi holds the second
copyright and her manga illustrations are considered
or derivative work.
- Candy Candy merchandise cannot be produced or
sold without the consent of both parties. Igarashi is therefore
by law to draw and sell any new Candy Candy illustrations or goods without Nagita's consent.
As the confirmed original author,
Nagita has the legal right to write novels and sequels to Candy's
story, as well as the authority to approve production of a new Candy anime or manga without
Igarashi's consent, as long as the artist's illustrations are not
asked if she would consider working with another mangaka or animation
company to bring a new version of Candy to the screen, Nagita replied:
have completely no will to do that right now. However, nobody knows
whether I would change my mind or not, as I wrote the FINAL STORY
that I didn't expect to decide to write before. I think it depends
on a good offer which would be brought by an agent who would be trustworthy
enough. I don't know what lies around the bend in a straight road.
C'est la vie. It has a fascination of its own!" (Sakura's BBS,
"I have an ownership legally,
so I can write the sequel freely." -- Keiko Nagita (Sakura's
BBS, December, 2010)
In the final sentencing on May 30,
2002, Igarashi and her accomplices were ordered to
pay damages worth about 29,000,000 yen.
Those unfamiliar with this
infamous Candy Candy Trial, can read the timeline of the "Candy
Candy lawsuits" at this Japanese/English website: We
Love Candy. There is also a good summary of the trials
and the outcome at the Anime
of the Candy Candy Copyright Trial - japanese
Keiko's Official Website - japanese
(history of CC Court cases and judgements - japanese)
(about the CC novel copyright - japanese)
(Kodansha's position on the CC Copyright -japanese)
of Candy Candy and Its Process by Yumiko Igarashi - japanese
from Yumiko Igarashi about the trials - japanese
Candy Copyright Lawsuits for Beginners
(summary of legal dispute between Igarashi and Mizuki)
from Kyoko Mizuki about the trial
Candy Nightmare (Anime
Kyoko Mizuki's Message to Candyfans
on 10/29/2001 after
the last Supreme Court Trial
(quoted from her overseas
Dear all overseas Candy Candy fan,
I'm so sorry not writing you back that I always feel so bad.
On October 25th, finally I have won the Candy Candy copyright dispute
extensively at the highest court judgment, the Supreme Court in Japan. As Kyoko
Mizuki, I was confirmed as the author of Candy Candy in law. That means those
Candy Candy merchandise were consented and produced by the Mangaka (Ms.
Igarashi) only herself are all illegal ones, which is confirmed in law.
It was really long way for me to get the judgment. It's been for 5 years
since I brought it to the court. During having the dispute, it was detected that
the Mangaka had consented to sell Candy Candy merchandise in overseas with some
goods maker. Thank you all for the information on illegal Candy Candy
merchandise that you've found near you. I really appreciate it. I wanted to
provide you legal ones, and I wanted you to enjoy them, truly. However, I regret
that those illegal merchandise have spread in many countries.
In spite of the Mangaka infringed Toei holing the Candy Candy trademark, the
issue that the Mangaka sued Toei over the Candy Candy trademark came to the
conclusion and Toei has won. However, this dispute caused a broadcast freeze on
the series, and so far it is impossible to release whole series on videos and
DVDs in the world, even in Japan.
We are also working on investigation the information on Candy Candy DVDs in
Asian countries, Canada, Mexico, France, and Germany. And all of those DVDs are
very suspicious not only just a bootleg, but illegal merchandise that the
Mangaka might be involved.
As the author of Candy Candy, I do hope the work, Candy Candy will be cleaned
up. As long as those illegal merchandise appears on the world market, I'm very
sad to see the image of Candy Candy getting dirty. I do hope you will tell your
friend who is also Candy Candy fan in the world all about this.
I always read all yours posted message here. I'm sorry I didn't write you
back because of my poor English. I'm so happy to get yours thoughtful and the
warmest message. Thank you for your support. I really appreciate it.
Kyoko Mizuki's Message to Candyfans
(quoted from her overseas guestbook
- translated by Cotton Candy)
of Fallen Leaves From My Small Window"
On October 25th,
the declaration of ruling from the Supreme Court
was issued finally that I've been longing for. According
to the judgment, which matched both the Tokyo District
Court and the Tokyo High Court decision, I was conformed
<the original author of Candy Candy>.
This means nothing
change from that I used to be 25 years ago when
Candy Candy was published serially in monthly magazine,
However, I just feel
like receiving a key for <a brand new door>
to open when I was conformed as the author under
This case made me
heartbroken continuously, but the other hand, I
received a lot of unexpected gifts from it. I will
tell you each of stories when I will close this
website in the near future.
Above all, I was
amazed and unexpected to realize myself that I started
to think I feel like writing "New Candy Story".
I really didn't imagine
I felt that way before this case happened.
When I started to
find out nobody could stop Igarashi's unlawful act,
the idea of "New Candy Story" appeared
and Toei Animation dropped me a hint. This is to
say, they asked me whether it is possible to ponder
on "New Candy Story" without using old
(original) Candy that Igarashi used to draw.
However their suggestion
tended to be very modest, because they knew it depended
on me. That means whether I could bid farewell to
drawings of Candy by Igarashi completely. They seemed
to think that I could only start to write <sequel>
after I said good bye to them without any regret.
I replied to them
"I will not write any sequel of Candy."
Oh, yes... I was
really devoted to our work, Candy Candy by all means
which Igarashi and I created together. I still regard
Candice White Ardray as the girl herself who was
drawn by Igarashi, especially for the manga.
Candy who has been
loved by many fans was born from Igarashi's drawings.
If Candy's sequel would be released with new drawings
by someone else, it might be hard to accept for
those devoted fans.
Having respect for
fans feelings, I made up my mind to be devoted to
Candy's drawings by Igarashi no matter what happened.
Then "It is
impossible to write Candy's sequel for me. But I
can write a new story of Candy based on original
Candy's world story, I replied.
What do I mean by
a new story of Candy...<A new main character>
might be the warp, and <Candice White Ardray>
would be the woof. I will weave them up into a new
Any type of readers,
not only old fans who used to read original Candy
Candy, but also new fans who has never read it before
will enjoy this story. It has to be that kind of
story, I really hope, so.
And if the new story
would accept by many fans and become a success,
both old and new story of Candy would be alive together.
That will not hurt you all. That's what I thought.
However, I took back
what Toei and I had been planning for the story
in the midst of consideration. I had been doubtful
while we were carrying forward the project.
<What do I write
this story for?>
I thought I would
like to return myself to my right mind. When I wrote
original Candy's story, I felt "something invisible
power took my hand to write.".
It was really pure
and natural feelings without any little piece of
muddiness. I found myself I could only start to
write when I could return to that kind of feeling
I used to have.
<Not for anybody,
not for a certain purpose. I will write because
I just want to!>
Without such a pure
spirit, I would have no excuse to those characters
of the story. I'm not the finest story creator,
but all charactors that I've created were born from
I wish I can create
<the new Candy story. from stainless mind. I
don't consider whether it's going to be a manga
or an animation at all right now.
Just... I will write
because I just want to! Now I hope I will release
the story as a style of novel.
If the work will
turn out great, the story might turn into something
else.Igarashi might interfere in the new Candy story.
Most of all publishing companies who don't want
to have any trouble with it might refuse to publish
my novel. It is no problem for me to write the new
story of Candy under the law, though.
However, I think
everything depends on whether the new Candy story
that I'm going to write comes out great or not.
I wish I can work with a company and an editor who
This case has given
great grief to many Candy fans.Writing new story
of Candy makes amends for the past...? I don't figure
out it yet.
But the seed of the
story keeps swelling day by day.
A couple of decade
later, at the new <Pony's home>.
Who build that house?
Who lives there?
And what kind of
story comes out from it...
I'm just wondering....
Someday, I will tell
Kyoko Mizuki's Message to Candyfans
on 04/28/2002 before the closure of her overseas
(quoted from her overseas guestbook
- translated by Cotton Candy)
To all of you overseas
First of all, I have
to make my deeply apologies from bottom of my heart
for all Candy Candy fans, because this entire of Candy
Candy trials have disappointed and depressed you to
know it. I would you like to know, I wish you would
enjoy only the Candy world as a work and how deeply
I feel painfully to think about this for you.
Today, I will describe
my feelings to show you plainly and frankly.
I have been afraid to
tell you this what I'm going to say, because it might
be too much sorrowful for you. However, I think over
what I've been through and now I found it caused things
make so ambiguous.
People who have common
sense, it is quite natural for you to think previously
legal Candy Candy items like animations and mangas could
be come back on the market right after the Supreme Court
judgment. What on earth, think about it with your common
sense, it is completely nonsense to dispute to the highest
court whether the person who had written the story 25
years ago hold the copyright or not, in spite of the
publisher company have treated me as the author during
the past 25 years.
It is hard to understand
for most of you that it could be possible to dispute
at the point whether Mizuki is the author or not, which
goes without saying.
This thing will show
you the affair's root has been corrupt already.
As you've already known,
Igarashi had broken contract to Mizuki.
If the contract breach
is the only problem, it would be possible for me to
make a re-contract including penal regulations with
her when she admits her guilt.
Worse still, Igarashi
denied me, not the author, in front of my eyes, she
testified and insisted "I draw Candy Candy based
on the story I wrote all by myself, and Mizuki's story
is not the original" when the court examined
Igarashi as a witness.
Still I have a nightmare
of its scene many times, over and over.
I'm afraid the work of
Candy Candy is no longer alive after Igarashi's testimony.
I've believed that Candy
Candy is the work which its words (story) and drawings
are inseparably related, as the court judgment says.
If she cares about the work, Candy Candy like always
do, we had to respect each other like I always tried
to do. But she completely destroyed our relationship
all by herself. And even after the Supreme Court judgment,
she's never changed her insistence. That means the work,
Candy Candy is also destroyed. This is the root of this
The reasons why TOEI,
KODANSHA and other companies cannot help refusing Candy
Candy, instead of it is still nice work, are spread
illegal merchandises all over the world, which I've
already told again and again, and its own root.
The work, which the relationship
between the author and the illustrator has already lost,
cannot exist on the market anywhere. It might cause
to another new trouble, if it would be there.
The main purpose of a
company is making a profit, you know. But a good company
where human is working there has a high moral sense.
Nothing could be changed
in new without her settlement of an affair which has
been tyrannized over by Igarashi herself.
I regard my story of
Candy Candy is almost stolen and fail in the attempt
by her, and illegal merchandises which have Candy's
soul are all pilferage from me.
It is up to you whether
you will buy them or not, depends on your way of thinking
It will turn 6 year-old
for this affair on May 26th. During this dispute, I've
changed my feelings so much. First a couple of years,
I was tried to the work be alive very hard. However,
now I refuse to see Candy's face which I used to love,
I cannot look her straight because too much stress to
People around me, my
families and friends always urge me to forget about
Candy. And they also say to me Candy will shorten my
life. They worry and care about me very much. It would
I've been thinking Candy
Candy is the work which story and drawings are inseparable
related for a long time, but the story was just given
me back. That makes me feel little bit better and easier.
I'm sorry for Candy Candy
fans. I really apologize to you for all this happened.
When I know how much you, overseas fans love this work,
I feel so much painful. I cannot tell you enough.
I hope Candy will be
still there your side and you will keep loving her in
I hate to use the word,
DESPAIR. I will prefer to say SEE YOU SOMETIME, or MAYBE
IN THE FUTURE... to all of you.
I was going to keep overseas
guestbook little bit longer than others, but now I decided
to close here at the end of May as same as other 2 BBSs
for Japanese fans will be closed.
I'm really sorry for