The Candy Candy Mangas
The "Candy Candy" manga was written by Kyoko Mizuki and illustrated by Yumiko Igarashi. The story is based on Mizuki's original manuscript and was first serialized in the children's monthly comic magazine Nakayoshi (なかよし) from April 1975 to March 1979. In reality, Nakayoshi released the magazines a month ahead of their monthly issue date. Approximately 30 to 50 pages of the story were published in each issue (except for the months of November 1975, December 1976, January 1978, and June 1978). Preceding the first page of the story would be a full page (sometimes 2 or 3) of Igarashi's colored illustrations from her 1976-1977 artbooks. During its time, the manga story. "Candy Candy" was a best-selling hit for Nakayoshi, selling more than 1.8 million copies during its serialized run.
The editor Kodansha (講談社) published the 9-volume manga (tankoban) simultaneously with Nakayoshi's magazine from October 1975 until March 1979. Surprisingly, certain storyline events in the Nakayoshi issue were illustrated and written differently from the manga tankoban version. For example, in the January 1979 Nakayoshi issue, Igarashi had illustrated a scene where Candy discovers a second Ardlay crest under Albert's pillow. This effectively reveals Albert's hidden identity to the readers, a fact that Mizuki was not willing to reveal at this point in the story. This and other unexpected changes in Mizuki's original manuscript were made by Igarashi and the editor without the author's knowledge. According to Igarashi, Mizuki was away on a European trip and could not be readily consulted. Upon discovering the changes, Mizuki insisted her original story be portrayed in the manga tankoban.
Around 12 million copies of the CC manga were sold in Japan. It also won the Kodansha Manga Award for the shojo genre in 1977. The release date of the last volume of the manga (March 19, 1979) was meant to coincide with the last episode of the CC anime, which aired on February 2, 1979 and the March 1979 Nakayoshi issue (released in February).
Tucked in Volume 9 of the CC manga is a pin-up illustration from Yumiko Igarashi, exclusive only to the first edition.
Reprints of the 9-Volume manga would continue in the 1980s through 2000s with slight modifications to the back, spine and top border colors of the dust jackets.
On February, 1995, Mizuki and Igarashi decided not to renew their contract with Kodansha and instead manage the copyrights on their own. However, on May, 1999, Mizuki formed a new contract with Kodansha and authorized the editor to reprint new sets of the Candy Candy manga at the request of a fan, Hitomi-san! This new contract between Mizuki and Kodansha ended in November, 2001, after the Supreme Court judgement of the copyright trial between the author and illustrator. The last reprint of the CC manga in Japan was December, 2001.
Candy Candy Manga
paperback edition (October,1975 -- March,1979)
Kodansha also published a large 2-volume carton cover "favorite book" (愛蔵版) KCDX edition set in 1988 with a 2-page colored illustration spread by Igarashi in each volume. It was then followed by a 5-volume hardcover "special" (特装版) edition in 1992 that also carried a colored illustration by Igarashi in the first page of each book. Between May, 1993 and July, 1996, a 20-volume supplement paperback edition was published every 2 months by Kodansha's sister company Euphoric Kodansha (るんるん-講談社).
Candy Candy Manga (carton cover) "favorite book" (愛蔵版) KCDX Edition (December 6, 1988)
Candy Candy Manga hardcover "special" (特装版) Edition (May 25, 1992)
Candy Candy Manga
20-volume Supplements (るんるん キャンディキャンディ 全２０巻セット)
In 1991, Chuokoron-Shinsha (株式会社中央公論新社) obtained a new contract with the author and illustrator and published the CC manga "favorite book" (愛蔵版) edition, a large 2-volume set. Included in each volume is a colored illustration spread by Igarashi. The publisher later released a small paperback 6-volume set with plaid covers in 1995.
Candy Candy Manga
(August 20, 1991 -- September 20, 1991)
Candy Candy Manga
(May, 1995 -- June, 1995)
Although the CC mangas have long been out of print, they can still be bought at online auctions and stores or second-hand bookstores in Japan and other countries. The renewed interest and nostalgia for Candy's story in the last decade have spawned a massive sale of CC mangas in worldwide auction sites, often demanding double or triple its original sell price.
Foreign publications of the CC Manga
The CC manga was also published outside of Japan in french, spanish, italian, greek, indonesian, korean, and chinese languages. Despite its world-wide popularity, the manga has never been translated in english. This may be due to the fact that the anime was not widely broadcasted in the USA (except Hawaii) and that Japanese mangas were rarely translated in english in the 1970s-80s. As a result of the bitter copyright trials, the author and the illustrator have refused to work with each other again, making an official english version of the CC manga nearly impossible.
The following are examples of CC mangas and magazines published in other countries.
There are peculiar differences between the french manga and the japanese manga. Unlike the japanese manga, which starts from the back cover to the front and the pages read from the right to the left, the french manga displays the mirror images of its japanese counterpart and the manga is read from the front to back and left to right. In some pages, the japanese sound descriptions and japanese signs were erased and not translated at all from the original source. The names of some characters were also francized. For example, Candy White and Neil and Eliza Lagan were renamed Candy Neige and Daniel and Elisa Legrand.
French Candy Candy Special
Magazine Editions (1978)
These Special Télé-Guide Editions are magazine-size paperback books illustrated after TOEI's anime, not the manga. Only 34 magazines were published and the story ended with Candy's departure from St. Paul's Academy to her arrival at Pony's Home. You can discover a complete list of these special french anime magazine editions at www.candyneige.com or at this french comic book site
Italian Candy Candy
Magazines (September, 1980 - December, 1986)
The editor Fabbri published the first 174 comic issues under the title "Candy Candy". When the publisher later merged with TV Junior/Rai Er, the comics were sold as "Candy Candy-TV Junior", until issue # 241, when it was retitled "Candy-issima",
The original images of the manga were colored and published in the first 77 issues. From the 78th issue until the last, new stories about Candy were created and illustrated by the Staff Di If, copying Igarashi's style.
Scanned extracts of the magazine translated in english can be viewed here, including the last pages of the 326th issue where Candy and Terry share another iconic kiss!
Scans of the entire 326 issues can be found at this italian CC fansite.
Greek Candy Candy
(Κάντυ Κάντυ) Magazines (1986-1989)
A total of 125 magazines were published between 1986 and 1989 in Greece. The first 84 issues depict the colored illustrations of the japanese CC manga while the additional 41 magazines follow Candy's fabricated new adventures from the italian CC magazines. Unlike the italian version where stories from other manga artists were incorporated in the later volumes, these greek magazines focused purely on Candy's story.The scans of all 125 issues are generously offered by The Candy in Greek Project at this site.
Spanish Candy Candy
Magazines (March, 1984 -- May, 1985)
Also borrowing from the italian CC comic magazine covers, was the spanish edition. This version only published 26 issues from March 12, 1984 to May 13,1985. Each magazine has exactly 36 pages of colored manga illustrations and the issues cover Candy's childhood story up until her summer vacation in Scotland. This informative site displays the complete covers of the spanish CC magazines in more detail.
In addition to the comic issues, Bruguera published three hardcover volumes of the manga between 1984 and 1985. The first and second volumes each contained the content of 10 magazines, while the third volume only contained 6. This last, incomplete volume ended with the scene in which Terry, Stair, and Archie were fixing the plane in Scotland. Scans of the intererior of these spanish volumes can be viewed here.
In 1985, Bruguera also published another set of 3 hardcover volumes with each volume containing 5 magazines. This set is also incomplete.
Similar to France, a comic adaptation of the Candy Candy anime was published in 1986 by Recreation Editions, SA. However, only 8 notebook volumes were produced, each containing 48 colored pages. That same year, they released a set of 18 mini comics, also adapted from the anime series. Each mini comic contained 20 colored pages.
Candy Manga (November, 1990-1991)
Chinese Candy Candy
Manga (1979, 1994, 1995, 1996 and 2002)
The chinese (Hong Kong) and taiwanese CC mangas (小甜甜) produced in the 1990's and early 2000's were published without Mizuki's authorization. The first edition of the mangas had 10 volumes and were reduced to 9 in later (bootleg) editions. The copyright of the pirate editions credit only Igarashi.
Korean Candy Candy (캔디 캔디) Manga
Since the manga was introduced in the late 1970's in Korea, Candy continued to remain popular in the country, even as far as inspiring romantic drama films (Winter Sonata). The country also produced numerous editions of the Candy Candy manga between 1979 and 2013. Unfortunately, those produced in the 1990's and later were pirate editions.